Fabric 101: Viscose Dobby

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Viscose is a plant-based cloth made from regenerated cellulose and dissolving it in a solvent to make a thick “viscose” liquid, thus the name. Viscose is a type of rayon. Initially known as artificial silk, rayon is a common term used for fibre manufactured from regenerated cellulose. Modal and lyocell, are also considered types of rayon along with viscose.

Viscose has become a popular fabric over the years for several reasons, specially because of its luxurious look and feel at an affordable price. Viscose fibres are versatile and blend effortlessly with other fibres.  It can be dyed easily and retains colours longer, as they get absorbed into tiny micropores in the fibres themselves.  It is well-known for its silk-like lustre, appealing drape and superior softness to cotton.

Viscose is water absorbing. This makes Viscose highly breathable, making it a popular choice for clothes. Viscose fabric usually comes in a few different finishes like – flat woven, viscose crepe, viscose dobby, jersey viscose. Apart from these, viscose can also be combined with other fibres to create a fabric blend or mix.

Viscose Dobby is a woven fabric. Woven fabrics are produced by interlacing two (or more) yarns in a sequence of right angles to create one piece of cloth. Dobby weaves have small geometric patterns, produced on a Dobby loom resulting in a subtly textured fabric. The machine selectively raises some warp threads and selectively depresses others with the help of a dobby card with punched holes that control the raising & lowering of warp yarns.

Viscose Dobby

The colours of the warp and weft threads may be the same, or they may be different, which naturally enhances the subtle texture. The most common dobby fabric is probably pique, which is used in the making of polo shirts. Dobby fabric is also used to design dresses, jumpsuits, shirts, handbags,

Fabrics come in all shapes, sizes, weights, and constructions. It is important to understand about them to know which fabric suits the current weather, your body type and the occasion. And, always read and follow care labels to get the best from your fabrics!

Viscose Dobby

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